Global HIV Programme gets a Boost: Ms. Carlsson

Gunilla Carlsson

UN Secretary-General has Appointed Gunilla Carlsson of Sweden to the post of Deputy Executive Director, Management and Governance of Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

United Nations Secretary‑General António Guterres yesterday announced the appointment of Gunilla Carlsson of Sweden as Deputy Executive Director of Management and Governance, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).

The RINJ Foundation HIV/AIDS testing, mitigation and prevention project Read about The RINJ Foundation’s Testing, Mitigation and Prevention Projects

Ms. Carlsson is currently Senior Adviser to the Africa Development Bank and serves on the Board of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, as Vice-Chair.  She served as an elected member of the Swedish Parliament from 2002 to 2013 and as Minister for International Development Cooperation from 2006 to 2013.  Previously she was a member of the European Parliament.

Carlsson Permanent Appointment Replaces Acting Deputy Jan Beagle

Ms. Carlsson succeeds Jan Beagle, who was appointed United Nations Under‑Secretary‑General for Management in June.  The Secretary‑General wishes to extend his appreciation to Ms. Beagle, as well as Joel Rehnstrom, who served as Acting Deputy Executive Director, since her departure.

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RINJ Continuing HIV/AIDS Education:
Learn About HIV to help prevent infection.


  1. Both male condoms and female condoms are available. They come in a variety of colours, textures, materials, and flavours.
  2. A condom is the most effective form of protection against HIV and other STIs. It can be used for vaginal and anal sex, and for oral sex performed on men.
  3. HIV can be passed on before ejaculation through normal secretions, and from the anus.
  4. It’s very important condoms are put on before any sexual contact occurs between the penis, vagina, mouth or anus.
  5. Avoid promiscuity. Loyal partners build better, safer families and communities.


  1. Lubricant, or lube, is often used to enhance sexual pleasure and safety by adding moisture to either the vagina or anus during sex.
  2. Lubricant can make sex safer by reducing the risk of vaginal or anal tears caused by dryness or friction, and can also prevent a condom tearing.
  3. Only water-based lubricant (such as K-Y Jelly) rather than an oil-based lubricant (such as Vaseline or massage and baby oil) should be used with condoms.
  4. Oil-based lubricants weaken the latex in condoms and can cause them to break or tear.

Remember that:

  • HIV is spread only in certain body fluids from a person infected with HIV. These fluids are blood, semen, pre-seminal fluids, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk.
  • HIV is spread mainly by having sex or sharing injection drug equipment, such as needles, with someone who has HIV.
  • To reduce your risk of HIV infection, use condoms correctly every time you have vaginal, oral, or anal sex.
  • Don’t inject drugs.
  • If you don’t have HIV but are at high risk of becoming infected with HIV, talk to your health care provider about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP involves taking a specific HIV medicine every day to reduce the risk of HIV infection.
  • Avoid promiscuity. Loyal partners build better, safer families and communities.


HIV is transmitted (spread) only in certain body fluids from a person infected with HIV:

  • Blood
  • Semen
  • Pre-seminal fluids
  • Rectal fluids
  • Vaginal fluids
  • Breast milk

HIV transmission is only possible if these fluids come in contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or are directly injected into the bloodstream (from a needle or syringe). Mucous membranes are found inside the rectum, the vagina, the opening of the penis, and the mouth.

Remember, HIV is spread by:

  • Having anal or vaginal sex with someone who has HIV without using a condom or taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV
  • Sharing injection drug equipment, such as needles, with someone who has HIV

Warning: HIV can also spread from an HIV-infected woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth (also called labor and delivery), or breastfeeding. This spread of HIV is called mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

HIV in the Philippines

Patients, Nurses, Doctors: Prevent Mother to Child Transmission at Birth

Take action now if you are pregnant. Get tested. Save your baby.
NOTE: Med-Staff, check for latest protocols and medical directives for your clinic/hospital.

  • Mother-to-child transmission of HIV is the spread of HIV from a woman with HIV to her child during pregnancy, childbirth (also called labor and delivery), or breastfeeding (through breast milk).
  • Pregnant women with HIV must receive HIV medicines during pregnancy and childbirth to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. In some situations, a woman with HIV may have a scheduled cesarean delivery (sometimes called a C-section) to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV during delivery.
  • Babies born to women with HIV should receive HIV medicines for 4 to 6 weeks after birth. The HIV medicines reduce the risk of infection from any HIV that may have entered a baby’s body during childbirth.
  • Because HIV can be transmitted in breast milk, women with HIV should not breastfeed their babies. Baby formula is a safer alternative.
  • If a woman takes HIV medicines during pregnancy and childbirth and her baby receives HIV medicines for 4 to 6 weeks after birth, the risk of transmitting HIV can be lowered to 2% or less.