Seven months after Donald Trump said in December 2018 that Da’esh (The Islamic State or ISIS/ISIL) had been defeated and the US troops would be coming home, the Pentagon decided to agree with the UN not to use child soldiers any longer. But not right away.
In a report published by the RINJ Women last week, the civil society group says that “since 2012 RINJ Women have been helping child soldiers flee from their USA/PKK captors in Turkey, Iraq and in Syria. The civil society group has also been warning refugee camps that they are the breeding grounds for the child soldiers the USA and PKK recruit to fight their wars against Islamic extremists.”
The women’s group says that the recruitment of child soldiers is so prolific that even the United States and the United Nations (UNHCR) can be tricked into spending $billions on the support of groups using child soldiers for goals the sides have in common.
The USA may be creating and entering wars to achieve sales of weapons and for exploiting targets of financial opportunity such as rare earth, natural gas and oil.
America is warring without any risk to American soldiers by using surrogates (like the PKK / YPG in Syria) and remote controlled bombs and missile toting drones, thus the American public does not protest.
But the millions of civilians in the Middle East who have lost family members to the adventures of the greedy American defence-industrial base are beginning to stir and may even rise up.
The world has begun taking note of America’s use of thousands of Child Soldiers of whom many thousands have been killed in the past two years.
- The best way to fight ISIS was to arm those who had a vested interest in expunging the Salafist jihadists from Syria so that Syria could become a new “Kurdistan” for a Marxist/Leninist terror group called “The People’s Workers Party”.
- Eventually the truth came to light. The USA accidentally admitted it is “shoulder-to-shoulder” with child soldiers fighting ISIS in Syria. This follows serious condemnation by the United Nations.
- The United States has legislation saying it cannot provide military support to any group that uses child soldiers.
- All of the so-called American “Kurdish allies” making up the SDF are actually PKK militants, the Kurdish Workers Party, a globally designated terrorist group which trains kidnapped or extorted child soldiers in the Middle East and all over Europe.
- The terrorist group Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) is a Marxist/Leninist violent group of highly militarized fighters that recruits and militarizes children as soldiers.
- The PKK/ YPG was formed in the 1970s as an insurgency in Turkey aimed at overthrowing the Turkish government or to create a secession of part of Turkey, yet to be clearly defined.
A 2018 study sought to establish that children in PKK-controlled parts of Syria are systematically used as child soldiers and analyze how international law regulates the use of child soldiers.
Following in the footsteps of the terrorist organization PKK, which has been systematically recruiting child soldiers since 1994, the PYD/YPG, the PKK‘s Syrian branch, continues to recruit children today. Needless to say, the PKK‘s lack of combat-aged recruits attests to its lack of ideological legitimacy. – Child-Soldiers-of-the-YPG_Analysis
The United Nations concluded in a report that “All parties to the conflict [in Syria] have flagrantly violated their obligations to protect children”.
The UN report notes that that the YPG‘s use of boys and girls in combat roles for the United States increased sharply in 2017 and early 2018. Citing: UN – Children-and-armed-conflict-in-the-Syrian-Arab-Republic
On 22 December 2018, Donald Trump had said ISIS was largely defeated, softening his earlier statement that “we have defeated ISIS in Syria.”
In July, after years of complaining to the USA Forces in Syria and their Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) partners, the United Nations envoy on Child Soldiering obtained an agreement to promise an Action Plan at some point in the future.
Beginning of a Process to Consider not using Child Soldiers in Syria
Describing the action plan as “the beginning of a process”, and “an important day”, Virginia Gamba, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (CAAC), explained that the signing “demonstrates a significant commitment by the SDF to ensure that no child is recruited and used by any entity operating under its umbrella”.
Defining the Crimes
The Action Plan Promise agreement follows the listing of the United States-backed People’s Protection Units (YPG/YPJ) in the Secretary-General’s annual report on Children and Armed Conflict as key violators of UN Resolutions against the recruitment and use of children. The six grave YPG violations against children are:
- the recruitment and use of children as soldiers;
- the killing and maiming of children;
- rape and other forms of sexual violence;
- abduction of children;
- attack on schools and hospitals;
- and the denial of humanitarian access to the child soldiers.
The People’s Protection Units (YPG) has been listed in the Annexes of the Secretary-General Annual Report on Children and armed conflict for the recruitment and use of children since 2014. The PKK which is the YPG‘s actual name, was not mentioned.
The People’s Protection Units (YPG) operates under the effective command and control of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and the United States of America. Again the PKK which is the YPG‘s actual name, was not mentioned.
The parties, not including PKK, have agreed to begin a process of making a plan to:
- End and prevent the recruitment and use of children.
- Identify and separate boys and girls currently within its ranks.
- Put preventative, protection and disciplinary measures in place on child recruitment and use.
The Psychological Impact on Child Soldiers is Complicated
“Given sufficient psychosocial support, non-Sunni child soldiers, such as the Yezidis, who return to their former environment, have the best chances of distancing themselves from the radical ideology and reintegrating into their community,” writes Jan Ilhan Kizilhan in “Providing Psychosocial Care to Child Soldiers Living in Post-IS Iraq.” The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 10/2019
“Yezidi culture is wary of Muslims,” says Kizilhan. “Therefore children are brought up with a marked degree of cultural distance from Islam. This has to do with the fact that, for centuries, Yezidis have been the victims of radical Muslim groups and have had to, and are still having to, experience numerous massacres and discrimination.”
These children are especially interesting to the Marxist PKK / YPG.
Yezidi refugee camps are key targets of their recruitment activities.
“Yezidis have distanced themselves from Islam,” noted Kizilhan, “and have never, neither in the past nor nowadays, founded any radical organisations which use violence.”
“A small number of former adolescents who had been IS soldiers and young women who had been victims of IS sexual violence have joined combat units fighting with the PKK.”
Revenge, a feeling of humiliation, and a sense of deep insult play a part and they want to compensate by taking up arms against their persecutors.
However, the children run the risk of being killed and of changing from the role of the victim to perpetrator. Citing: ICCT-Kizilhan-Providing-Psychosocial-Care-to-Child-Soldiers-Living-in-Post-IS-Iraq-May2019-1