Britain and USA Stole a Nation [Chagos Islands In Depth] They must now give it back before Christmas 2019.
- Ends the illegal nuclearization of the African Archipelago;
- Reduces the threat of nuclear war causing retaliation against Africa;
- Forms part of a criminal compensation for the victims of a serious crime;
- Abides rule of law in which the British High Court upheld the people can go home.
- Might mitigate the genocide that has been committed against the Chagossians;
- Protects the environment from the continued contamination of the islands and the waters around the US Nuclear base, Diego Garcia and removes the American threat of an explosion risk.
by Micheal John. Behar Abbasi, Cathy Williams, and Sharon Santiago
America and Britain refuse to give the people back their homes which is the only remedy available say the depopulated inhabitants.
America and Britain told to go home. Photo Art: Rosa Yamamoto FPM.news
Despite the demands of the global community, disregarding a UN Court opinion and a United Nations Resolution, the United States and Britain claim none of these have jurisdiction over their actions.
When in 1968 Britain gave Mauritius its independence, it had literally stolen the Chagos archipelago, splitting it off from Mauritius and calling it the “British Indian Overseas Territory” (BIOT).
Since 1999 through 2008, British High Courts have ruled in favour of the Chagossians and in one profound statement Sir Sydney Kentridge QC had described the treatment of the Chagossians as “outrageous, unlawful and a breach of accepted moral standards”. There is a good article by the BBC, 11 May 2006 setting out the results.
In an appeal decision by the British Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs against the Chagos Refugee Group, the British case was decimated by the Lords of Appeal.
Sir Sydney Kentridge said there was no known precedent “for the lawful use of prerogative powers to remove or exclude an entire population of British subjects from their homes and place of birth”.
After the UK Court ruled in favour of the Chagossians going home, America made the Islands unfit and dangerous.
Click image to enlarge and read FOI Documents show the US Navy machinations to create an unsafe condition for the cohabitation of Chagos refugees.
Photo Art: Rosa Yamamoto FPM.news
The Photo and its story: FOI Documents show the US Navy machinations to create an unsafe condition for the cohabitation of Chagos refugees.
The British High Court had ruled the Chagos refugees had the right to go home.
With great contempt for the Courts’ decisions, America and Britain said they can’t come home because it is unsafe to do so. Why unsafe? Because as you can read above, the US Navy out of the blue decided to park all its Diego Garcia warships close together, very close together, creating an explosion risk. “If someone lights a match,” said a retired British Naval Officer, “you have thousands of tons of high explosives plus nuclear war heads going ‘boom'”.
What the US/UK governments have done to these beautiful islands is violently remove the population and create a nuclear missile base by 1975, which has nuclear intercontinental ballistic missiles targeted today at most of the world. It is also said to be unsafe for the Chagos refugees to return home because the ships and airplanes are parked too close together and because they are full of explosives and nuclear bombs, if one explodes they could all explode.
The entire world knows of what Sir Sydney Kentridge described as “outrageous, unlawful and a breach of accepted moral standards” and the subsequent contempt by Britain and America for the rule of law.
So instead of playing the US/UK “not-safe-to-come-home” Game which endured for ten years, the World Threw Them Out. They have 6 months to December 22 to get out. Merry Christmas.
In February 2019, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) issued an advisory opinion that rejected the UK’s claim of sovereignty over the Chagos Islands, a small group of atolls in the Indian Ocean. It found the UK had unlawfully stolen the islands from the former colony of Mauritius (which contravenes UN Resolution 1514 of 1969), and that Britain should cede control “as rapidly as possible” and get out. The United States is technically a tenant of Britain in this matter.
Numerous lawyers FPMag spoke to saw no chance of a renewal lease having merit. They did not want to get involved without a fee so they shall remain anonymous. The United States lease on Diego Expired in 2016. If in fact it was renewed the renewal is illegal based on numerous courts having already said the depopulation and seizure of the islands was unlawful.
THE HAGUE, 25 February 2019. The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, has today given its Advisory Opinion on the Legal Consequences of the Separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965. In that Opinion, the Court,
(1) unanimously, finds that it has jurisdiction to give the advisory opinion requested;
(2) by twelve votes to two, decides to comply with the request for an advisory opinion;
(3) by thirteen votes to one, is of the opinion that, having regard to international law, the process of decolonization of Mauritius was not lawfully completed when that country acceded to independence in 1968, following the separation of the Chagos Archipelago;
(4) by thirteen votes to one, is of the opinion that the United Kingdom is under an obligation to bring to an end its administration of the Chagos Archipelago as rapidly as possible;
(5) by thirteen votes to one, is of the opinion that all Member States are under an obligation to co-operate with the United Nations in order to complete the decolonization of Mauritius
The UN General Assembly Said “Get Out in six Months”
In May 2019, the UN General Assembly passed a resolution welcoming the 25 February 2019 ICJ advisory opinion and demanded that the United Kingdom unconditionally withdraw its colonial administration from the area within six months.
Read if you wish -> Britain, USA Stole an Island Archipelago. Pack your bags. Leave Diego Garcia before Christmas?
This travesty is even worse than it seems.
Since 2009 the Diego Garcia nuclear base violates the African continent’s law that there shall be no nuclear weapons in its territories.
The Pelindaba Treaty established Africa as a nuclear-weapon-free zone in July 2009. It is consistent with others like the 1959 Antarctic Treaty, the 1967 Treaty of Tlatelolco (for Latin America and the Caribbean), the 1985 Treaty of Rarotonga (for the South Pacific), the 1995 Treaty of Bangkok (for Southeast Asia), and the 2006 Treaty of Semipalatinsk (for Central Asia). People don’t want nuclear weapons. The fact that there are enough nuclear weapons on Earth to destroy dozens of planets suggests that these treaties don’t work but, Africa is upset and is backing the people of Mauritius and Chagos 100%. Hopefully the world will back Africa.
On 3 March 1999, Louis Bancoult, formerly of Chagos (a British dependency) won the right to bring a High Court case against the British government for expelling him and thousands of others from the islands during the 1970s.
Louis Olivier Bancoult is the leader of the Chagos Refugee Group. He was born in 1964 on Peros Banhos island in the Chagos Archipelago, from where he was forcibly removed at the age of 4. He has been involved in numerous successful legal actions concerning the exile of the Chagos Islanders including R (Bancoult) v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs.
Mr. Bancoult and his Chagos Refugee Group won. He won on appeal. He is still not home. The Chagos Refugees are still banned by America and Britain. The ban includes journalists and human rights inspectors.
Five generations of Chagos islands inhabitants (Chagossians, also known as the Ilois), totaling around 3- 4,000 exiles and their descendants now live on Mauritius (a former British dependency) and elsewhere, far from home. Many of the Chagossians live in poverty, with the judge commenting in his ruling that the inhabitants, who were forced from their homes between 1967 and 1973 suffered “extreme destitution and malnutrition”.
Rachal Bradley wrote in 1999 about the Bancoult case (Read bsb7-1_bradley):
On the right to bring an action in the UK : “The Ilois hold dual British citizenship having been born in a British dependent territory, and their lawyers are challenging their removal as a breach of both English and international law. The British government argued that the High Court had no jurisdiction over the matter, and that it should go before a British Indian Ocean Territory colonial court.
“Mr Justice Scott Baker dismissed these [British government] arguments and granted leave to [the Chagos Refugee Group] to seek a judicial review, saying that “in my judgement, the case required careful consideration of a difficult area of constitutional law.
“This case is embarrassing for the British government because it dredges up issues surrounding the island of Diego Garcia which it thought had long been put to rest.
Bancoult’s lawsuit is a reminder of one of the more unsavoury aspects of Britain’s colonial policy in the 1960s and 1970s, when the Chagos Archipelago was declared uninhabited, its population having been forcefully displaced in preparation for the lease of the island of Diego Garcia to the US government for use as a military base. “
The Court’s decision is thorough and shocking.
This secretive BIOT was a violation of literally dozens of Common Law conventions and breaks powerful binding international laws.
Vocally, most of the world sees this act as a robbery crime of significant proportions. The severe human rights violations of these two countries, Britain and the United States were kept secret for decades.
According to numerous humanitarian and legal groups the theft of this nation was a reprehensible crime against humanity that an international court and the United Nations General Assembly in an overwhelming majority has ordered reversed. Britain and the United States must comply, but they now say they are above the UN General Assembly. Rogue nations?
Stealing a Nation ~ Diego Garcia- Chagos Archipelago
Stolen from Mauritius in 1968 this island was a secret nuclear missile and bomber base originally for Polaris Ballistic Missiles. It has been used to bomb many countries.
Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons Photo Art: Rosa Yamamoto FPM.news
The Picture and its story: Chagos Archipelago
Stolen from Mauritius in 1968 this island was a secret nuclear missile base originally for Polaris Ballistic Missiles. Today it is a comprehensive communications, cyber attack, air force, bomber, missile and naval base. It has been used to bomb many countries.
In September 2018, the people of Mauritius declared after fighting together for decades, that, “We speak with one voice to repair the wrongs of the past. Let those who oppose our legitimate and just cause be warned that there will be no respite until this battle is won.”
Writing for the Mauritius Times, paid tribute to 55 African nations that went above and beyond to help the Mauritius community.
A wide and robust support was received by Mauritius, said Roy, “from countries across the world as well as the African Union representing 55 African countries who took time and expert advice to uphold the case of Mauritius with potent arguments.”
They “are evidence that the issues submitted to the ICJ for an advisory opinion raise fundamental questions of principle on which a wide range of countries would wish guidance from the ICJ,” Mrinal Roy added.
It was an emotional battle that continues. Here is some background reading.
- Britain and America must get out of Chagos Islands. [Analysis] – Lessons from the Weekend A tiny percentile of large groups might be willing to break the rule of law. …
- UK refusal to Relinquish Chagos Islands – Indeed, the return of the Chagos Islands was expressly agreed in the Lancaster House agreement of September 23, 1965. Now it is a Court decision. A nation’s military and geo-strategic interests cannot, under international law, prevail over the sovereign …
- UN: Britain and America must surrender Chagos Islands to Mauritius. What about their Crime Against Humanity? – In February Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf of the International Court of Justice in the Hague told Britain, “The UK has an obligation to bring to an end its administration of the Chagos archipelago as rapidly as possible…” Mauritius owns the Chagos …
Every person on Earth Should Watch This Video. Don’t let this happen to you!
Here is a video that should be compelled viewing for history students around the world. It spells out vividly the caveats of forced colonization.
Twenty years after WWII ended, Britain and America did the same sort of things Adolf Hitler and the Nazis had been doing that lead to the last world war.
“Stealing a Nation” is made available to FPM.news readers here or you can watch on Vimeo.
“The truth about the brutal removal of 1,500 islanders and the official conspiracy to deny the presence of an indigenous population did not emerge for 20 years. Secret official files were unearthed at the Public Record Office, in London, by lawyers acting for the former inhabitants of the coral archipelago, who wished to return to their homeland. Historian Mark Curtis described the enforced depopulation in Web of Deceit, his 2003 book about Britain’s post-war foreign policy. The British media all but ignored it, while the Washington Post called it a ‘mass kidnapping’.
“I first heard of the plight of the Chagossians in 1982, during the Falklands War. ‘Britain sent a fleet to the aid of 2,000 Falkland Islanders at the other end of the world,’ he said, ‘while another 2,000 British citizens from islands in the Indian Ocean had been expelled by British governments and hardly anyone knew. The difference was that one lot were white and the others were black, and the United States wanted the Chagos Islands – especially Diego Garcia – as a major military base.’
“In 2010, the British government hurriedly established a marine nature reserve around the Chagos Islands. Soon afterwards, WikiLeaks published a US Embassy diplomatic cable from 2009 that read, ‘Establishing a marine reserve might indeed, as the FCO’s [Colin] Roberts stated, be the most effective long-term way to prevent any of the Chagos Islands’ former inhabitants or descendants from resettling.’ Emboldened by this disclosure and by public support, an indefatigable campaign of islanders and their supporters shows no sign of giving up. Award winning Documentary by John Pilger
Mauritius’s prime minister, Pravind Kumar Jugnauth, claimed the UN decision represents an “historic moment for Mauritius and all its people, including the Chagossians who were unconscionably removed from their homeland and prevented from returning for the last half century. Our territorial integrity will now be made complete, and when that occurs, the Chagossians and their descendants will finally be able to return home.”
The world via the UN sought to end the colonization of the globe after seeing what Hitler’s escapades could lead to.
Hitler had complained that his activities in swallowing up Europe were no different to what England had been doing for a century. Hitler had a point and through the 1950s and the 1960s the United Nations struggled to roll back injustice and prevent further slaughters and colonization in Africa. Ignoring all this, Britain, fronting the United States, stole islands in the African Archipelago for the sinister purpose of building a nuclear bomber and missile base.
UN resolution 1514, passed in 1960, specifically banned the breakup of colonies before giving them their independence, lawyers for Mauritius have reminded both the UN General Assembly and the ICJ.
Britain and the United States must leave the Chagos/African Archipelago and take their weapons because the people of the world have ordered them to reverse their illegal action of stealing a nation.
If the United States truly feels that there are so many explosives at Diego Garcia, to have them at home in the United States would be too dangerous, it should not have them at all.
Disarmament is the way ahead, anyway.
These two countries should stop saying terrible things about Russians, Iranians, Chinese and North Koreans in order to scare countries and compel them through foolish conflicts and racial bigotry to buy American and British weapons. The fact of the matter is that the UK/US governments are no better than their stories about others.
The people of the world want to know each other better and learn about new ideas, cultures, customs, foods, arts, music and life. They want to get along. The had the means to do that for over a decade and now look at the world as nearly borderless. 5G and AI technologies will make the world fully borderless insofar as ordinary people are concerned.
Then there will be no need for a patriarch that pines for more power and abuses whatever authority it has through violence and crime.
Sorry guys, but peace must replace your nastiness and human rights must win over your greed and sociopathic lust for power. Go home, America. Go home Britain. You are the antithesis for peace and human development until you go.
Chapter Xi: Declaration Regarding Non-Self-Governing Territories
Cited from Article 73 From Charter of the United Nations:
“Members of the United Nations which have or assume responsibilities for the administration of territories whose peoples have not yet attained a full measure of self-government recognize the principle that the interests of the inhabitants of these territories are paramount, and accept as a sacred trust the obligation to promote to the utmost, within the system of international peace and security established by the present Charter, the well-being of the inhabitants of these territories, and, to this end:
“a. to ensure, with due respect for the culture of the peoples concerned, their political, economic, social, and educational advancement, their just treatment, and their protection against abuses;
“b. to develop self-government, to take due account of the political aspirations of the peoples, and to assist them in the progressive development of their free political institutions, according to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and their varying stages of advancement;
“c. to further international peace and security;
“d. to promote constructive measures of development, to encourage research, and to co-operate with one another and, when and where appropriate, with specialized international bodies with a view to the practical achievement of the social, economic, and scientific purposes set forth in this Article; and
“e. to transmit regularly to the Secretary-General for information purposes, subject to such limitation as security and constitutional considerations may require, statistical and other information of a technical nature relating to economic, social, and educational conditions in the territories for which they are respectively responsible other than those territories to which Chapters XII and XIII apply.
Members of the United Nations also agree that their policy in respect of the territories to which this Chapter applies, no less than in respect of their metropolitan areas, must be based on the general principle of good-neighbourliness, due account being taken of the interests and well-being of the rest of the world, in social, economic, and commercial matters.”
UN Resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960
Cited from Original: RINJ-Press-FPMag-United-Nations-Resolution-1514
“Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples
Adopted by General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960
“The General Assembly,
“Mindful of the determination proclaimed by the peoples of the world in the Charter of the United Nations to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
“Conscious of the need for the creation of conditions of stability and well-being and peaceful and friendly relations based on respect for the principles of equal rights and self-determination of all peoples, and of universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion,
“Recognizing the passionate yearning for freedom in all dependent peoples and the decisive role of such peoples in the attainment of their independence,
“A ware of the increasing conflicts resulting from the denial of or impediments in the way of the freedom of such peoples, which constitute a serious threat to world peace,
“Considering the important role of the United Nations in assisting the movement for independence in Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories,
“Recognizing that the peoples of the world ardently desire the end of colonialism in all its manifestations,
“Convinced that the continued existence of colonialism prevents the development of international economic co-operation, impedes the social, cultural and economic development of dependent peoples and militates against the United Nations ideal of universal peace,
“Affirming that peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international economic co-operation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit, and international law,
“Believing that the process of liberation is irresistible and irreversible and that, in order to avoid serious crises, an end must be put to colonialism and all practices of segregation and discrimination associated therewith,
“Welcoming the emergence in recent years of a large number of dependent territories into freedom and independence, and recognizing the increasingly powerful trends towards freedom in such territories which have not yet attained independence,”
“Convinced that all peoples have an inalienable right to complete freedom, the exercise of their sovereignty and the integrity of their national territory,
“Solemnly proclaims the necessity of bringing to a speedy and unconditional end colonialism in all its forms and manifestations;
“And to this end Declares that:
“1. The subjection of peoples to alien subjugation, domination and exploitation constitutes a denial of fundamental human rights, is contrary to the Charter of the United Nations and is an impediment to the promotion of world peace and co-operation.
“2. All peoples have the right to self-determination; by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.
“3. Inadequacy of political, economic, social or educational preparedness should never serve as a pretext for delaying independence.
“4. All armed action or repressive measures of all kinds directed against dependent peoples shall cease in order to enable them to exercise peacefully and freely their right to complete independence, and the integrity of their national territory shall be respected.
“5. Immediate steps shall be taken, in Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories or all other territories which have not yet attained independence, to transfer all powers to the peoples of those territories, without any conditions or reservations, in accordance with their freely expressed will and desire, without any distinction as to race, creed or colour, in order to enable them to enjoy complete independence and freedom.
“6. Any attempt aimed at the partial or total disruption of the national unity and the territorial integrity of a country is incompatible with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
“7. All States shall observe faithfully and strictly the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the present Declaration on the basis of equality, non-interference in the internal affairs of all States, and respect for the sovereign rights of all peoples and their territorial integrity.”