Canadians fail to stop the spread of SARS2



Near the Canada USA border in Calais, Maine FPMag talked to nurse practitioner Monique Deslauriers with the Nurses Without Borders about what are the prospects for halting the spread of COVID-19 in North America.

“It is not known if Canada has the B.1.1.7 or 501.V2 variants of the coronavirus circulating from the United Kingdom and South Africa. Both are now in the UK,” the specialist nurse explained.


by Sharon Santiago


“Those variations are N501Y mutations. N501Y exists within the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein which is what it uses to exploit the human cells that have the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptor.”

“The ACE2 receptors are found on cells in lungs, blood vessels, kidneys, liver, heart and in the gastrointestinal tract. All of these organs and blood vessels can be seriously damaged by SARS-CoV-2, even causing death,” she explained.

“It is highly likely that both the British and South Affrican variants are in Canada given that there are over 300,000 visitors to Canada from the U.K. per month, in the last quarter of 2020 during which time the B.1.1.7 strain has been increasingly prevalent in the UK according to detailed reports in the Lancet.  Canadians in the thousands went to Hawaii over Christmas as did British travelers,” she explained, adding that her group is tracking the spread of up to 13 different variants that are considered significant.

“There is one particularly worrisome mutation of the virus’ N501Y.  Although the 501.v2 and the B.1.1.7 do not challenge existing vaccines, a new strain, the E484K is likely to diminish the effectiveness of vaccines because it is better able to disguise itself and thus fool the immune system. Vaccine makers will likely start testing that strain next week.

Hosipials are filling up.

Hospitals in North America are filling up rapidly.
All available space is being converted to care units. Photo Credit: source Supplied. Art/Cropping/Enhancement: Rosa Yamamoto FPMag

What can people do to avoid infection of the new variants of SARS-CoV-2?

“Well, that hasn’t changed. But carelessness will not be forgiven by these maturing genomes of the virus. The SARS2 virus hasn’t been with humans for long. We need to assume that the incipient transition variant from animals to people was a rookie that is after a year, gaining considerable experience inside human bodies. No more mistakes. People must not be touching their faces; ignoring hygiene imperatives, ignoring social distancing guidelines or skip mask wearing,” she noted.

“Mask requirements for traveling vary depending on the country, but if it were me, I would not be traveling but if essential then I would be wearing a comfortable respirator, and nothing less. Procedure masks do not protect the wearer from very much, certainly not virus-sized particles,” she explained. “And with these more infectious variants, one mistake is all it takes to become very sick,” she added.

“Vaccination of the population is the way ahead against this pandemic but it may take years to accomplish that. At this point the United States is far behind its goals and Canada is learning that vaccinating even just a small percentage of the population is tricky and slow going.” (See the progress table below.)

Locale Vaccinated %of Pop.
British Columbia 46,259 0.899%
Alberta 37,686 0.851%
Saskatchewan 6,964 0.591%
Manitoba 8,674 0.629%
Ontario 103,263 0.701%
Quebec 75,123 0.876%
New Brunswick 2,905 0.372%
Nova Scotia 2,720 0.278%
Prince Edward Island 1,950 1.221%
Newfoundland and Labrador 1,785 0.343%
Yukon 310 0.735%
Northwest Territories 162 0.359%
Nunavut 29 0.074%
Canada 287,830 0.757%

“For people who say they cannot find proper N-95 respirator masks to wear at home around a sick family member, Americans are buying them from Alibaba, maybe that would work for Canadians,” said Deslauriers.

A quick check revealed that the GB 2626-2006 respirator standard is accepted in North America

NIOSH N95 Alternative Respirator Certification Standards

  • Australia: AS/NZS 1716:2012
  • Brazil: ABNT/NBR 13694:1996; ABNT/NBR 13697:1996; and ABNT/NBR 13698:2011
  • People’s Republic of China: GB 2626-2006; and GB 2626-2019.
  • European Union: EN 140-1999; EN 143-2000; and EN 149-2001
  • Japan: JMHLW-2000
  • Republic of Korea: KMOEL-2014-46; and KMOEL-2017-64
  • Mexico: NOM-116-2009

Source: OSHA (USA Occupational Safety and Health Administration)

Clearly nothing else is working in Canada to stop the spread of COVID-19 and Canada is heading into extremely serious trouble with this pandemic according to all epidemiological models.

At this rate, Canada is headed for 1.2 million cases by May and death sums topping 28k in the same period. Mitigation behaviours must be sharpened fast, say experts.

At this rate, 1.2 million cases by May and 28,000 deaths.

Canada reached and exceeded projected cases to 2020 year end. The original worst-case scenario forecast for Canada was 600,000 cases by year-end 2020. Canada exceeded that number. At this rate, 1.2 million cases by May and 28,000 deaths. Source: Civil Society Partners for solidarity against COVID-19 disease.

“Hopefully vulnerable Canadians wear a respirator mask when going out, says nurse practitioner Deslauriers. “Essential workers should already know this but if not, it has been said, ‘wear a respirator mask’. In many parts of Asia, frontline workers are wearing a KN-95 with a procedure mask over top of that respirator and a full face-shield with the top end sealed to the forehead by a foam strip. That is a medical face shield. Anything else becomes a wind tunnel to direct all the ambient air past the wearer’s eyes,” she added, explaining that there is a lot of bogus PPE offered for sale.

Summarizing the takeaway points from this interview:

  1. Regardless of what mutations of the virus there may be, avoiding infection of any variant is the goal and that is achieved by following good public health guidelines.
  2. Anything less than a respirator mask will not protect the wearer sufficiently.
  3. The video below is a short course on how to use and re-use respirator masks.
  4. It is especially important to wear a respirator mask at home if a family member is ill with COVID-19 disease. 
  5. Canada’s situation might approach the point where hospitals will tell first responders not to transport unless blood-oxygen levels are something awful; or not at all because, there are no beds. This must be avoided.

“It is equally important to maintain nearly obsessive hand-hygiene; personal habits that exclude touching any part of the face;  and safe practice for area hygiene. It is important for families that have a COVID-19 patient at home to learn proper isolation and sterilization,” says Deslauriers.

How to don and doff a re-used respirator mask.


Canada daily case and death sums.

Canada daily case and death sums. Source: Civil Society Partners for solidarity against COVID-19 disease. Source: Civil Society Partners for solidarity against COVID-19 disease.


Canada heads for a million cases.

Canada heading for a million cases. Source: Civil Society Partners for solidarity against COVID-19 disease.

January 26, 2022

Population: 38,585,269 adjusted for estimated real COVID-19 deaths

CanadaCasesDeathsCuredActive
Reported:2,959,49932,860 1.11% CFR2,699,170227,469
Estimate:15,182,23053,036 *0.35% IFR13,846,7421,166,916

*Inferred IFR is an estimate only. The actual COVID-19 IFR may not be accurately calculated for the entire human race until long after the pandemic has ended.

The IHME estimates excess deaths in Canada to reach much higher than CSPaC estimates.

Canada ProvincesDeathsCFR%CasesCuredActive
COVID-19 Totals:32,8601.112,959,4992,699,170227,469
Quebec12,8681.53841,413828,5450
Ontario11,0681.101,004,879932,24561,566
Alberta3,4830.73477,841423,20151,157
BC2,5320.80314,787265,76546,490
Manitoba1,5211.30116,77075,95339,296
SK9770.88111,44797,81812,652
First Nations5930.8966,84060,7905,457
NB2150.8026,74121,1655,361
Nova Scotia1280.3735,05130,4504,473
NL300.2114,52211,8162,676
Yukon160.542,9812,796169
NWT150.285,3334,356962
Nunavut50.351,4391,187247
PEI20.036,2823,8602,420
Repatriates013130
Sub Totals32,8601.112,959,4992,699,170227,469

Note: Above is region/county Health Unit reports. First Nations data is monitored uniquely but included in provincial totals.

Below: Extensive Estimates using data from multiple sources.

Beta experimental estimates for Canada. Reported + unreported mild + asymptomatic COVID-19 infections.

The total actual number of infections in Canada including all the untested, unreported, asymptomatic infections is likely greater than 15,182,230 (39.35% of the population) including mild and asymptomatic cases. That would mean the estimated inferred average Infection Fatality Rate:
(IFR) is likely around 0.35%

Canadian COVID-19 deaths to 2022-01-26 are estimated to be 53,138 Using estimated IFR of 0.35% which is far below global average IFR.

53,138 (0.35% IFR) is the estimated number of Canadian COVID-19 deaths (based on the inferred IFR) including those deaths unreported as COVID-19). The IHME estimates excess deaths in Canada to reach much higher than CSPaC estimates.

53036 Is the estimated number of Canadian COVID-19 deaths based on a modified universal algorithm which factors more sophisticated public health infrastructure and also fewer available urgent care beds and facilities which is a problem in much of Canada in an emergency measures context.

The closeness of the two numbers derived from unique data and methods suggests their high probability. The blended data of three projections from three different biostatistician labs also confirms the estimates +/- .01%.

It is safe to say that Canadians have endured the grief of losing 53036 family members. Every number has a face. May their memory be forever a blessing to their families and friends.

Canada's advanced public health standards.

Canada and the USA both have a significantly lower than global average Infection Fatality Rate. (influenza has an IFR of .1% or 6 per 100k (2019)).

Ontario, Canada Reports


Ontario Regional Public Health Units (PHU) - Reported by Ontario Province.

These reports from the Ontario Province differ significantly from the data reported by individual Public Health Units. CSPaC includes links to each PHU to allow readers of this report to check the latest data from their public health unit. CSPaC has heard the explanation from the province that data is reassigned from one PHU to another based on patient location. That means that patients are taken to the nearest available hospital and not necessarily to a medical facility in their own Public Health Region.


Health UnitCasesDeathsCFRRecoveriesActive
Algoma District3,379230.7%2,771585
Brant County8,940540.6%8,101785
Chatham-Kent5,707551.0%5,056596
Durham Region48,8954080.8%45,0983,389
Eastern Ontario12,0601761.5%10,8211,063
Grey Bruce5,193390.8%4,892262
Haldimand-Norfolk6,127751.2%5,509543
Haliburton Kawartha Pine Ridge5,787751.3%4,990722
Halton Region39,1192750.7%36,6702,174
Hamilton44,5514641.0%40,8343,253
Hastings & Prince Edward Counties5,479310.6%4,832616
Huron Perth4,868811.7%4,397390
Kingston Frontenac Lennox & Addington8,355310.4%7,855469
Lambton County8,4291031.2%7,471855
Leeds Grenville And Lanark District5,313731.4%4,674566
Middlesex-London27,9172881.0%25,1782,451
Niagara Region30,3174721.6%27,6182,227
North Bay Parry Sound District2,603110.4%2,363229
Northwestern3,015120.4%2,552451
Ottawa56,1146751.2%51,7493,690
Oxford Elgin-St.Thomas9,7991341.4%8,833832
Peel Region162,2871,0660.7%153,2188,003
Peterborough County-City4,747420.9%4,247458
Porcupine4,042350.9%3,640367
Renfrew County And District2,612200.8%2,280312
Simcoe Muskoka District30,5923211.0%28,0112,260
Sudbury And District8,552780.9%7,1391,335
Thunder Bay District6,297741.2%5,398825
Timiskaming92280.9%810104
Toronto262,6583,9011.5%246,49012,267
Waterloo Region37,1123410.9%34,0092,762
Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph16,7781350.8%15,5411,102
Windsor-Essex County33,3165461.6%30,5532,217
York Region92,9979461.0%88,6453,406
Totals:1004879110681.10%93224561566
Last Updated: 2022-01-26 Time 10:26:34 GMT. Source: CSPaC